Program Management Years
1974 - 1981
Under President Ford, in 1974, the Community Services Amendments
were passed. OEO was dismantled and a "new" Community Services
Administration (CSA) replaced it. The employees remained and continued to
administer the programs. Community action had found a new home in the
From 1974 to 1981, CSA continued to fund CAAs. CAAs
continued to help communities and neighborhoods to initiate self-help projects
such as gardening, solar greenhouses, and housing rehabilitation. They
additionally helped create and support federally funded senior centers and
congregate meal sites. Home weatherization and energy crisis programs
were initiated in the 1970s.
In the late 1970s, under prodding from Congress, the
Administration of President Carter initiated a large-scale effort to strengthen
the role and management systems of both CSA and the CAAs. This resurgence
of "local spirit and leadership came to a quick end with passage of the Omnibus
Budget and Reconciliation Act of 1981.
In September 1981, Congress provided that all CAAs designated
and recognized by CSA were eligible to be funded under the 90 percent
pass-through requirement of the Community Services Block Grant. Congress
also rescinded the EOA and the Green Amendment, eliminating the procedures and
regulations for designation and recognition of CAAs.
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